Located in the Hang
Zhuang Township of Baoshan City is the largest existing architectural
relic of the Hang Dynasty in Yunnan Province, a key Cultural and
Historical Reservation at State Level. According to archeologists, the
scale, layout, remaining relics, location as well as the year noted by the
epigraph, it can be concluded that this site belonged to that of the Han
There are flights
daily between Baoshan and Kunming.
Located on the conjunction of the Eurasian Plate and the India Plate, the
tectonic movement is fairly active and earthquakes are frequent in Tengchong. Because of this, volcanos and hot spring scenic spots are
common here. The county particularly abounds in geothermal energies. There
are more than 80 hot streams, boiling fountains or springs. Ten of them
are with hot water temperatures of about 90 C (194 F) or above. So the
county is entitled the name "Geothermal Museum".
Tengchong County lies
at the western frontier of Yunnan, China. It is 100 miles (or 160
kilometers) west of Baoshan City, of which Tengchong County is an
administration subdivision, and is 466 miles (750 kilometers) away from
Yunnan's capital, Kunming City.
The climate of
Tengchong is of a subtropical, mountainous type. The annual temperature
averages around 14.7 C (58.5 F) and the rainfall 1,425 mm. Generally
speaking, the climate in Tengchong is agreeable, suitable for travel all
Tengchong is known for
its long history and colorful culture; it is on the list of China's famous
scenic spots and is regarded as one of Yunnan's famous historic and
cultural towns. It has many titles, among other names are "the Hometown of
Overseas Chinese" and " Land of Culture". Bordering on Burma on the west
with a boundary line of 92 miles (148.7 kilometers), in history, it
occupied an important position on the Southwestern Silk Route (Kunming–Baoshan-Tengchong-Mangshi-Ruili);
nowadays it still plays a great role in border tourism and border
There are plenty of
natural resources in Tengchong, such as "the Natural Botanical Garden" and
"the Natural Museum." About 34.6 percent
of the county is covered by various sorts of plantations. Over 2,000
precious and rare plants can be found here. Among
the cash and timber forests, there are forests of oil tea, catalpa, common
China-fir, Armandi pine, walnut, and others. There are huge amounts of
ornamental and medicinal plants. It is a spectacular scene if you get the
chance to witness the beautiful rhododendrons in their full bloom on
The Gaoligong State
Nature Reserve in Tengchong is also known to people as a natural botanical
garden. In this area alone there are more than 1,400 species of plants.
There are many rare and precious animals and herbal plants that are used
in Traditional Chinese Medicine.
The total area of
Tengchong is 5,693 square kilometers with a population of about 490,000
people, consisting of more than ten ethnic groups. Among these groups are
the Hans, Dais, Bais, Huis, Lisus, Achangs, and others. Each of them has
their own rich and colorful cultures and customs.
County is one of the most famous areas in China known for its numerous and
densely located volcano clusters. Altogether there are 97 dormant volcanos,
among which 23 have well-preserved craters. They are primarily located in
the Da'ying Mountains and in the Township of Mazhan. Da'ying Mountain, the
most magnificent one in Tengchong, is 12 KM (7.5 miles) from town. To the
northeast of the Da'ying Mountain is the highest peak of Tengchong,
Longzong Mountain, which rises 2,783 meters above sea level.
There are eight well-preserved volcanos in the National Geology Park of
Volcanos with a total area of 81 sqm. It will be worthwhile if you can pay
a visit to these places. Among these eight, the most popular are Dakong
Mt, Xiaokong Mt, and Heikong Mt. The center of the park is located in
Mazhan Township, 25 KM (15 miles) north of the county seat. The gate of
the park is designed with a unique architectural style like that of an
ancient Roman castle. The walls outside the gate were inlaid with volcano
stones which leaves an impression of simplicity on people.
The Hot Sea
Tengchong is recognized as one of the three major geothermal areas in
China, and is the only area where volcanos and geothermic energies coexist
in China. Spas of various kinds are widely distributed around this region.
Nowhere else in China can you find a similar place with such good
temperature, pressure and the steam of terrestrial heat. Thus, it is
called "Geothermal Museum".
The Hot Sea, with an
area of 8 sq KM (3 sq miles) lies 10 KM (6 miles) south of the seat of
Tengchong. It has the highest temperature and the greatest volume in the
Tengchong. The spring of the Hot Sea is very pure and clear, and contains
many healthy mineral elements. Bath Valley and other places in this scenic
area are good choices for the bathing treatment. Nowadays, the Hot Sea has
become a popular place for tourism, vacationing and rehabilitation. "Big
Boiling Pot" which lies on a slope northwest of the Hot Sea is a round
spring of 6.12 meters in diameter with a depth of 1.5 meters. It is said
there was once a bull grazing on the slope over the "Big Boiling Pot" but
accidentally slipped and fell into the pot. In no time, its flesh was
consumed. When its owner came to rescue it, only its bones were left.
4 KM (or
2.5 miles) south of the county seat of Tengchong is Heshun Town, which
ranked first of the “Most Charming Townships of China”. Heshun Township is
located beside a river, hence the village got the name "Heshun" which
means along the river. Here the town is known as the Hometown of Oversea
Chinese. The number of people who now live abroad equals 107% of the
current population of the township. The oversea Chinese from this township
live all over Southeast Asia, Europe, America, and in more than ten other
The Heshun Library,
built in 1924, is the earliest and largest countryside library in China.
Many of its books are rare, ancient and valuable.
graveyard covers a total area of more than 5.3 hectares and was completed
on July 7, 1945. The whole graveyard includes the Memorial Hall, the
Martyrs' Tombs and Memorial Tower. It is the largest and best preserved
cemetery for soldiers that died in front line battlefields during the
Sino-Japanese War. Its unique value and heart-rending history draws
visitors from all over who come here to pay their respect and homage to
Wetland is located 12 KM (7.5 miles) north of the seat of Tengchong. It is
one of the first 33 Key State Reservation Wetlands in China, and also the
only national wetland in Yunnan province. It consists of Beihai Lake,
Qinghai Lake and the surrounding hillsides and fields, with a total area
of about 1600 hectares. It is not only a natural land reservoir but a
paradise of reproducing and overwintering for many rare animals, and
habitat for various precious spice plants. Its excellent natural scenery
is of great value for both tourists and scientific explorers.
Recently a civil
airport was opened in Tengchong. The site of the airport was in Camel Peak
Village, about 12 KM (7.5 miles) from the Tengchong county
seat. The opening of the airport brought back memories of the Flying
Tigers. The Camel Peak Village is closely related to the American Flying
Tigers and the famous Camel Peak Aviation Route. The Flying Tigers were a
group of volunteer U.S. military men who were sent to Asia by President
Franklin D. Roosevelt before the United States was involved in World War
II to help China fight against the Japanese. The Camel Peak Aviation Route
which crosses over the world’s highest mountains, the Himalayas, was
called the "death route." It was used to deliver urgently needed military
supplies for China more than 60 years ago during World War II. The traffic
time from the provincial capital Kunming to Tengchong will be shortened to
50 minutes because of the airline while a bus ride currently would take
about 10 hours.